Many people have predicted the demise of Moore’s Law, only to have a new process or technology rush in to save the day. Current tools are variations on a theme started in the 1960s by Shockley, Fairchild, Intel and have continued to be refined over the years. Pure research in the tools and technologies underlying semiconductor manufacturing has been going on for decades. Work on Extreme UV has gone on for years, and yet is not widely adopted as the old tools continued to scale downward in the chip rulings. But time is running out and a former principle at ARM is letting the cat out of the bag.